Nicaragua: The 39th Anniversary Of A Triumphant Revolution

“All the support of the ‘gringos’ had not been enough to contain the popular insurrection led by the FSLN,” said Luis Varese, a captain of the Sandinista Popular Army during the revolution.

The Popular Sandinista Revolution (RPS) triumphed on a day like today 39 years ago, when revolutionary troops entered Nicaragua’s capital, Managua. The revolution, led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), defeated the almost 50-year-old repressive and dictatorial Somoza dynasty on July 19, 1979.

On this day, Nicaraguans will head to the streets to celebrate the triumph of their revolution “guided by Christianity, love of the neighbor, socialism and solidarity,” as convoked by Vice-President Rosario Murillo.

“We are on the way to new victories of work, of entrepreneurship, of productivity, of hard-working, of reconciliation and peace, victories for the prosperity of all families,” she said.

Nicaragua, on this 39th anniversary of the revolution, is facing an important socio-political crisis which aims to overthrow the Sandinista government of Daniel Ortega, as well as being stunned by the international right-wing.

“Since April, Nicaragua has been included in the plan for the destruction of the new democratic governments in Latin America, a plan that is conceived and orchestrated by the Think Tanks serving the large transnational corporations,” writes Luis Varese, a Peruvian freedom fighter and captain of the Sandinista Popular Army (EPS) during the revolution, who was present in Managua on July 19, 1979.

Making a comparison between today and 1979, Varese told teleSUR that when the revolution triumphed in 1979, “the popular government started and almost at the same time the United States gave arms to the ‘contra’ (counter-revolution).” The possibility of progressive governments in Latin America was attacked back then, as it is being again now.

“In the early hours of July 20, 1979, dozens of trucks and hundreds of fighters traveled through the southern highway, bound for Managua. On July 17, ‘el día de la alegría’ (Day of Joy), Somoza had fled full of money and shame, leaving behind thousands of dead and 47 years of dynastic dictatorship, founded by his father, the murderer of Sandino. All the support of the (U.S.) ‘gringos’ had not been enough to contain the popular insurrection led by the FSLN.

“The Southern Front had been part of the final effort of a brilliant military and guerrilla strategy, from where the convoy came, Nicaraguan boys and internationalist fighters with eyes full of images, face blackened by gunpowder and hearts full of pride.” With this image, Varese recounts the Sandinista Popular Revolution’s triumph, that day, 39 years ago.

Nicaragua’s revolution is one of only three triumphant revolutions in Latin America. Along with Mexico and Cuba, Nicaragua stands tall in the history of the continent as a revolutionary country.

“This is the triumphant revolution that overthrew one of the most despicable dictatorships in Latin America,” Varese told teleSUR, adding that it also brought deep social changes to Nicaragua, based on a development strategy channeled by social programs.

“This July 19 the illusions are still valid, for some with more enthusiasm, for others with the nostalgia of that July 19, ’79. No one will take away what has been conquered, no one will take away what has been fought, no one will take away the dream of the ‘Patria Grande Liberada’ (Great Liberated Homeland, whichs references Latin American Freedom),” Varese concluded.

 

Speaking at the 39th anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution, Ortega told supporters: “Peace must be defended every day to avoid situations like these being repeated.”
Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega called on supporters Thursday to defend peace and reinstate the unity that existed in the nation before violent opposition protests broke out in April.

Speaking during celebrations marking the 39th anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution, Ortega told thousands of supporters: “Peace must be defended every day to avoid situations like these being repeated.”

Ortega said right-wing opposition groups, believed to be financed by the United States, are trying to destabilize the country and end the peace that had existed during the last 11 years of his administration.

At the event attended by the foreign ministers of Cuba and Venezuela, Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla and Jorge Arreza, Ortega described how the coup attempt unfolded over the past three months.

Ortega told the crowds that the plan was initially executed via social networks in order to launch ‘civic protests,’ which swiftly turned violent after being co-opted by the opposition, with universities used as command centers.

Violent opposition groups had used the government’s proposed social reforms as an excuse to provoke national protests, Ortega said. When the reforms were later withdrawn, however, the violence continued.

Ortega laid much of the blame at the feet of the bishops of the Episcopal Conference of Nicaragua, who he described as “coup leaders” for collaborating with the opposition during the national dialogue.

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