Location Ukraine Ukraine

Discrimination of national minorities in Ukraine

September 28 a new law on education came into force in Ukraine. The law introduces an actual ban on education in any language other than Ukrainian. Since 2018, classes with the teaching of subjects in the languages ​​of national minorities will remain only in the junior school. Since the 5th grade, the teaching of subjects in the languages ​​of national minorities will have been almost completely eliminated. Since 2020, education in Ukraine will become fully Ukrainian-speaking. The national minorities will be allowed teaching only individual subjects in native languages.
The law reduces the number of subjects required for study from 22 to 9. Integration courses “nature and man”, “man and the world” will be created instead of physics, chemistry, biology, geography and astronomy. Languages ​​and literature will merge into the subject of “literature”, and algebra and geometry will return to the general course of mathematics.
The law increases the lack of rights of teachers in relations with the administration. Teachers will be short-term contracted for labor instead of a unlimited labor contract. Directors of schools will be allowed to hold this position for no more than 6 years.
The law allows dramatically reducing the number of schools in rural areas, and shifts the funding of vocational schools to local budgets. This will lead to a mass closure of schools and colleges.
The law infringes the interests of millions of national minorities – Russians, Hungarians, Romanians, Moldovans, Greeks, Poles and Bulgarians. In this connection, the diplomatic representatives of Russia, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece and Moldova condemned the new Ukrainian law on education. The toughest position was taken by Hungary. The Foreign Minister ordered that Hungarian diplomats should not support and even block any Ukrainian initiative in international organizations.
On September 14, the foreign ministers of Bulgaria, Hungary, Greece and Romania signed a warning letter to the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry because of the new law on education. They hoped that the president of Ukraine would veto this law. However, Petro Poroshenko signed it.
The US was the only country where the law was perceived positively. The United States Embassy in Ukraine responded to the adoption of the new law on education by tweeting: “Congrats to Ukraine on moving forward w education reform–investing in youth Key 4 future.”

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