Location Spain Spain

Catalan independence: democratic background

A threat of civil conflict and war has arisen last weeks in Catalonia after central government decision to derail the vote for independence of Spain region. Many groups and parties are looking at referendum and discuss its legitimacy and probable impacts.

Here is a statement of the group belong to the heirs of the Forth International. It is intersting by the stress on various democratic aspects of the Catalan struggle for independence.

“The Catalan government, with the support of its parliamentary majority, Junts pel si (PDeCat and ERC) and the CUP, has decided to call a referendum on October 1, 2017, which, in case of a Yes victory, would create an ‘Independent Catalan Republic in Europe’.
It got parliament to pass a new rule that allows an emergency procedure whereby so-called ‘deconnections’ laws can be adopted.

As soon as the referendum was announced, the Madrid government refused the holding of a referendum and increased the pressure to have it banned.

*   Even before the vote of the Catalan parliament, Rajoy asked the Guardia Civil to summon a number of high-ranking officials suspected of organizing ‘disconnections’.

*   Rajoy immediately sent the new rule to the Constitutional Court and declared that no referendum would be held on October 1.

Thus the institutions of the Monarchy, a legacy of Francoism, have taken measures to forbid the Catalan people to decide their future, thus denying their legitimate right to self-determination.
This violent campaign against the legitimate rights of the Catalan people is being launched by a minority government in a situation marked by an escalation of class conflicts, such as for example the strike by Barcelona underground workers that has been going on every Monday for 18 months, and the strike by security staff in the Barcelona airport demanding increase in personnel and higher wages.
Through this referendum, a major blow can be dealt to the post Francoist institutional structure, embodied by the Monarchy and the Rajoy government; that is why a victory of the Yes vote is in the interest of workers throughout Spain and not only in Catalonia, as a first step towards the dismantling of the institutions of the Francoist Monarchy.”
On this ground the Fourth International activists “unconditionally support the Catalan people’s right to self-determination. What is at stake is the Catalan people’s right to be a free people, free from the oppression and shackles forged by the Francoist monarchy and the European Union.” They also consider “that a Yes vote in favour of the establishment of a Catalan Republic is an expression of the fight against the reactionary institutions, represented by the Monarchy, stemming from Francoism.”
The group consider “that a Yes victory — regardless of the intentions of those who have launched or endorsed this slogan — would be a blow struck against all the reactionary institutions of the Spanish State, paving the way for the achievement of the unity of the whole Spanish working class and helping the construction of fraternal unity between all the peoples of the Spanish State.”

They stress victorious referendum means: “Breaking with the Monarchy: by establishing a Catalan Republic that does not pledge any form of allegiance to the Francoist Monarchy. Breaking with European Union: the Republic does not submit to any of the commitments included in the treaties establishing the EU, which means the Catalan people are not subjected to the European institutions and the austerity plans of which they are the custodians.” The activists also consider a new state can leave NATO. They propose radical social reforms too while they are not at the agenda of Catalan separatists.

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