Tag Archives: national minorities

Ukraine | Hungarian minority in Transcarpathia is under attack

Transcarpathian region is a Western part of Ukraine. It has ethnically mixed population with relatively large Hungarian minority. Since February Ukrainian fascists several times attacked their cultural society. At night on February 4 an unknown person threw a Molotov cocktail in the window of Hungarian culture society. The society is located in Uzhgorod, the main city of  Transcarpathia. On February 27 a new attempt was done to put it on fire. It was prepared better and caused a fire in the society office. 25 square meters were burnt. The police noted then that the fire was preceded by an explosion. A week later alleged arsonist was arrested. He is military personnel of Ukrainian army and fought in Donbas on the side of Kiev regime. The court arrested him for two months.

Ukraine | Ukraine continues discrimination of national minorities

On February 28, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared the law “On the Basics of the State Language Policy”, adopted in 2012, unconstitutional. The law guaranteed the rights of the national minorities languages ​​and was agreed with EU experts. The first attempt to abolish the law was made exactly four years ago in February 2014, when a coup d’état took place in Kiev. Then the Ukrainian parliament voted to repeal this law. This decision provoked a wave of protests in the south-east of Ukraine and became one of the reasons for the uprising in the Donbas. Frightened of the protests, the then Speaker of the Parliament Turchinov did not sign the already adopted resolution.

Hungary steps up pressure on Ukraine over new education law

By The Associated Press

Hungary will ask the European Union to revise its association agreement with Ukraine, claiming the country’s new language law limits the rights of minorities, the Hungarian foreign minister said Tuesday.

Ukraine | Ukraine’s New Education Law Undermines Minorities’ Rights – PACE Resolution

 

On Thursday, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) adopted a resolution on the new Ukrainian law on education. This controversial law has already attracted harsh criticism from Ukraine’s neighboring states.

Ukraine | Discrimination of national minorities in Ukraine

September 28 a new law on education came into force in Ukraine. The law introduces an actual ban on education in any language other than Ukrainian. Since 2018, classes with the teaching of subjects in the languages ​​of national minorities will remain only in the junior school. Since the 5th grade, the teaching of subjects in the languages ​​of national minorities will have been almost completely eliminated. Since 2020, education in Ukraine will become fully Ukrainian-speaking. The national minorities will be allowed teaching only individual subjects in native languages.
The law reduces the number of subjects required for study from 22 to 9. Integration courses “nature and man”, “man and the world” will be created instead of physics, chemistry, biology, geography and astronomy. Languages ​​and literature will merge into the subject of “literature”, and algebra and geometry will return to the general course of mathematics.
The law increases the lack of rights of teachers in relations with the administration. Teachers will be short-term contracted for labor instead of a unlimited labor contract. Directors of schools will be allowed to hold this position for no more than 6 years.
The law allows dramatically reducing the number of schools in rural areas, and shifts the funding of vocational schools to local budgets. This will lead to a mass closure of schools and colleges.
The law infringes the interests of millions of national minorities – Russians, Hungarians, Romanians, Moldovans, Greeks, Poles and Bulgarians. In this connection, the diplomatic representatives of Russia, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece and Moldova condemned the new Ukrainian law on education. The toughest position was taken by Hungary. The Foreign Minister ordered that Hungarian diplomats should not support and even block any Ukrainian initiative in international organizations.
On September 14, the foreign ministers of Bulgaria, Hungary, Greece and Romania signed a warning letter to the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry because of the new law on education. They hoped that the president of Ukraine would veto this law. However, Petro Poroshenko signed it.
The US was the only country where the law was perceived positively. The United States Embassy in Ukraine responded to the adoption of the new law on education by tweeting: “Congrats to Ukraine on moving forward w education reform–investing in youth Key 4 future.”